Authors: Giovanni Di Ilio, Daniele Chiappini, Stefano Ubertini, Gino Bella, Sauro Succi
Journal: Computers & Fluids, 2018, 166: 200-208.
Abstract: We simulate the two-dimensional fluid flow around National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) 0012 airfoil using a hybrid lattice Boltzmann method (HLBM), which combines the standard lattice Boltzmann method with an unstructured finite-volume formulation. The aim of the study is to assess the numerical performances and the robustness of the computational method. To this purpose, after providing a convergence study to estimate the overall accuracy of the method, we analyze the numerical solution for different values of the angle of attack at a Reynolds number equal to 10^3. Subsequently, flow fields at Reynolds numbers up to 10^4 are computed for a zero angle of attack configuration. A grid refinement scheme is applied to the uniformly spaced component of the overlapping grid system to further enhance the numerical efficiency of the model. The results demonstrate the capability of the HLBM to achieve high accuracy near solid curved walls, thus providing a viable alternative in the realm of off-lattice Boltzmann methods based on body-fitted mesh.